Paris: 1790. First Edition. Hardcover. Dates: 1790-1794. Together 4 texts in one volume, bound for Comte de Hennezel d'Ormoy: early 20th-century half basane over marbled boards, spine gilt aux armes (see below). Very good. Item #691
¶ Legal judgments from the French Revolution, all first editions, all of great rarity. Includes the sentencing of Camille Desmoulins (1760-1794), a lawyer whose serious stammer (and violent temper) prompted him to turn away from the bar and towards politics on the eve of the French Revolution. On July 12, 1789, after Louis XVI had dismissed his popular minister of finance (Jacques Necker), and Desmoulins openly screamed his disappointment to the Parisians crownd gathered in the garden of the Palais Royal. This event made him famous in Paris as he was suddenly seen as a leader of the Revolution. Following Desmoulins, riots started throughout Paris. The mob, procuring arms by force on July 13, was partly organized as the Parisian militia, which was afterwards to be the National Guard. On July 14, the storming of the Bastille occurred. Today he is recognized as one of the first and foremost, revolutionaries who demonstrated the power of newspapers and pamphlets to sway the passions of the people. Ultimately, even a revolutionary patriot like Desmoulins was denounced as a threat to the goals of the Revolution and sent to the guillotine. During his incarceration, and after his death, many of his writings were subsequently destroyed, hence the scarcity of ephemeral pamphlets. The presence of four such tracts in one volume is rare. ¶ CONTENTS: 1. Desmoulins, Camille. Opinion de Camille Desmoulins sur le Jugement de Louis XVI. Paris, Imprimerie nationale, (1792 or 1793). 8vo. 10 pp. - First Edition, in which Desmoulins pronounces (without any emotion) the death of Louis XVI. ¶ Martin & Walter, 10485. Bound with: ¶ 2. J. R. Hebert, auteur du Pere Duchesne, a Camille Desmoulins et compagnie. (Paris) de l'imprimerie de la rue Neuve de l'Egalite, Cour des Forges de Bonne Nouvelle, (1794). 8vo. 10pp. - Response by Hebert to an article by Desmoulins (Vieux Cordelier, 5 nivôse, i.e. 25 Dec. 1793): "Ce langage m'a indigne comme tous les bons citoyens... En m'accablant d'un torrent d'injures et de calomnies, Camille et ses suppôts ont cru me reduire au silence ... Desmoulins est un lâche et vil calomniateur..." In January 1794 tensions increased between the radicals and the (more moderate) supporters of Darnton and Desmoulins, leading to their arrest (along with Hebert) in March 1794. Bound with: ¶ 3. Discours de Camille Desmoulins, depute de Paris a la Convention, sur le decret du bannissement de la famille ci-devant d'Orleans, et sur la question, si l'Assemblee nationale pouvoit exclure, de son sein, Philippe Egalite, representant du peuple. P. de l'imp. de L. Potier de Lille, 1792, 16pp. - Speech delivered as the trial of Louis XVI was in full swing: "Est-ce que Philippe Egalite a plaide la cause du tyran. est-ce qu'il a voulu sauver de la proscription des neveux conspirateurs? est-ce que ses enfants sot a la tête des emigres? ne bravent-ils pas, au contraire, la mort tous les jours, pour repousser les emigres? [...] Or, qui ne voit que c'est cet appel a la nation qu'on vouloit provoquer dans la cause de Philippe Egalite, pour l'etendre ensuite & le rendre commun a Louis XVI? Et ce detour est le comble de l'art de ces royalistes qui siegent parmi nous, & qui veulent, a tout prix, le sauver..." Bound with: ¶ 4. Malouet (P. V.) Plainte de M. Malouet, depute a l'Assemblee Nationale, contre le Sieur Camille Desmoulins, auteur des revolutions de France & de Brabant. A Monsieur le Lieutenant- Criminel du Châtelet de Paris. S.l., 1790. 8vo. 1 f., 10 pp. - Complaint by Malouet against Desmoulins for "injures, calomnies & menaces" (published as n°31 (28 June 1790) of the Revolutions de France & de Brabant), and from which was demanded 20,000 livres for damages and interest payable "aux oeuvres de bienfaisance de la societe de la charite maternelle." The judgement was dated 7 July 1790. ¶ PROVENANCE: Comte Jehan de Hennezel d'Ormoy (1876-1956) with his bookplate, engraved by Provost-Blondel (Paris, 1906), with his manuscript notes in ink on the first two blank pages -- purchased by [Jean] Vergnet-Ruiz, the great French art historian, with his bookplate and manuscript notes: "Acquis en 1943, vente a l'aimiable de la bibliotheque du Château de Bourguignon, Aisne" (i.e. the domicile of the Comte d'Hennezel d'Ormoy).