[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens"). Long Island Court of New Hempstead.
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")
Manuscript Minutes of a Long Island Courtroom in 1811: A Slave is Convicted for stealing and sentenced to "39 Lashes"

[39 LASHES: THE SENTENCE FOR A CONVICTED SLAVE IN LONG ISLAND IN 1811]. "The People vs. Gabe, a Slave of Nicholas Ledham: On Trial for Larceny" (in: Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas the 4th of June 1811 -- "At Account of General Sessions of the Peace held at the Court House in North Hempstead in and for the County of Queens")

New Hempstead, Long Island, NY: 1811. Large folio (337 x 200 mm), stitched, folded once vertically and twice horizontally, presumably extracted from a larger volume (two leaves excised, both likely blank). 10 pp. on paper clearly watermarked "1808" / Britannia (not in Gravell-Miller), modern pagination in pencil. Altogether handwritten 9 pages on which are very briefly described the Minutes of the New Hempstead court in numerous trials on a single day. Good. Item #3711

MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNTS of various activities at the North Hempstead (Queens) Courthouse on June 4, 1811. Among the various trials concerns that of "Gabe, a slave of Nicholas Ludlam," the account of which is found on p. 4 and comprises half a page:

"The jury [...] say they find the Prisoner guilty as to the money [the word 'eggs' crossed out] -- not guilty as to stealing [the word 'eggs' crossed out] tobacco. The Court ordered that this Prisoner be publicly whipped on his bare back with 39 lashes."

For this account the names of the Jurors are given, as is the name of the sole witness for the People (Nicholas Ludlam!) -- perhaps unsurprisingly there were no witnesses for the Defense (although there was one for the defendant in the trial described immediately below, likewise concerning larcenty). Compare Gabe's punishment of 39 lashes for Larceny to sentencings for two convictions for Assault and Battery described on p. 2: for Benjamin Munford it was two months confinement in the County Gaol, and for Samuel Young it was a fine of $25.

The name Nicholas Ludlam is mentioned in several legal documents in the Long Island Legal Documents Collection at SUNY Stonybrook (MS SC 403).

CATALOGUER'S NOTE: Our manuscript was ingeniously written: beginning on the recto of the first page are the reports of the SESSIONS; these continue through p. 5. Then the scribe flipped the quire over to write reports of the PLEAS on the "first" (i.e. 10th) page. In this way he could record Sessions and Pleas almost simultaneously. Page 6 is entirely blank, and the lower portion of p. "7" is blank: we conclude that the two leaves in the center (now torn away) were likely blank also.

Price: $1,200.00