Madrid: 1769. 4to (12 x 8 1/2 inches). Manuscript on vellum. 18 fols. = 1 f. (illuminated coat of arms, verso blank, large repair to outer margins, soiled) + 1 f. (illuminated title-page) + 33 pp. manuscript genealogy including 4 illuminated initials and 2 illuminated vignettes (some red borders in text leaves smudged and streaked, other occasional soiling). Contemporary gold-tooled Spanish calf, spine and extremities worn (particularly at the foot of spine), two pair of cloth ties, paper endleaves watermarked "MM" and apparently "67." Very good. Item #3541
Calligraphic manuscript on vellum, being the certification of coat of arms for Garcia de Quiros y Gonzalez, prepared and attested by Don Ramon Zazo y Ortega, Master of Arms for Charles III, King of Spain, in Madrid, 1769.
Carta executoria are significant not only as historical documents, but as objects of the Book Arts, often written calligraphically on vellum (as here), and featuring varying degrees of illumination. "Carta Executoria both established noble lineage and served as tangible evidence of nobility, which had tremendously practical implications beyond social standing. During the early modern period in Spain the nobility and the clergy formed an estate far removed from the rest of the population. The property of the nobility was exempt from taxation and protected from civil suits. Nobles could not be imprisoned for indebtedness, or tortured (except for treason), and if sentenced to execution had the option of decapitation rather than hanging. The proportion of the population which could make a claim to nobility varied by geography – in the north as much as fifty percent of the inhabitants could claim noble blood, whereas in the recently conquered south, the nobility was no more than one percent of the population." (Source: Tarleton Law Library Highlights, online exhibition).
The present manuscript is a legal certification of coats of arms and a genealogical treatise composed in Spain in 1782. It was compiled by Don Ramon Zazo of Ortega, historian and king at arms to Charles III, king of Spain. The manuscript contains heraldic information, history, and genealogy of the Spanish families descending from Don Joseph Garcia de Quiros, Gonzalez Rubio; Don Lope Garcia de Quiro Gonzalez Rubio; Don Marcelino Garcia de Quiros, Gonzelez Rubio; Don Sebastian Cayetano Garcia de Quiros, Gonzalez Rubio; Don Francisco Bernal de Quiros; Don Lope Bernal de Quiros; Don Francisco Bernal de Quiros.
On the second leaf, incorporated into the illuminated border, is the ink stamp of the Spanish goverment under Carlos III, approving this Carta Executoria. The manuscript still retains the paper seal of the City of Madrid and bears multiple signatures.