Boston: Crocker and Brewster, 1823. First Edition. 8vo. 21 pp. (title-page detached). Extracted from a larger volume; even browning; short tear in upper margin of title-page. Preserved in a mylar sleeve. Good. Item #3486
Little-known moral "Instructions" for the Second Company of ABCFM missionaries to Hawaii. Although not specified in the text, included in this mission was BETSEY STOCKTON (1798-1865), a former slave of Princeton University president Ashbel Green. She was freed in 1817 and stayed with her family as a paid domestic servant, learning to read in the library. She applied to the ABCFM to go to Hawaii as a missionary and was accepted, "neither as an equal nor as a servant, but as a humble Christian friend." She thus became the first unmarried African-American female missionary.
The present pamphlet contains "Instructions" for missionaries to the Sandwich Island (pp. 3-14) and Palastine (15-21). The sermon delivered to the Hawaii missionaries was delivered by the Corresponding Secretary of the ABCFM on Nov. 13, 1823. It is almost certain that Stockton was in attendance. The team set sail from New Haven on Nov. 22 for a five-month voyage. Stockton, Charles S. Steward, and his family settled at Lahaina on Maui. She was the teacher of the first mission school opened to the common (non-chiefly) people of Hawaii. She also trained native Hawaiian teachers, who took over from her upon her departure until the arrival of another missionary. She returned with the Stewarts to the U.S. in 1825 due to Mrs. Stewart's poor health. Stockton became a prominent and respected in Princeton and Philadelphia. See the long article on her in "Princeton & Slavery" online.
"This document outlines the need for missionaries to be united and to make themselves 'available for piety.' It cites friendship with the natives as being one of the keys to success, but never really offers much description of what the missionaries will encounter when they arrive." (SOURCE: Natasha Hurley, Getting Around: Circulation and the Rise of the Gay and Lesbian Novel, PhD Thesis, Rutgers, 2007).
Forbes 561. Sabin 76452. Shaw & Shoemaker 11592. Not in Hunnewell.