Spain (majority in Valencia): 1766-1787. Folio. 178 ff., numbered in 18th-century manuscript. Bound in contemporary vellum (worn), water stained along edges (including textblock), cracked hinges, spine slightly detached from textblock, small tears in vellum on covers and along spine. Ink inscription on front cover reads: "Yo Jose Fuentes" with the date of 1792, and with crude drawing of a man, ink sketch of face on back cover. Spine lettered in MS (illegible). Some pages soiled, and water stained, tears here and there, some ink inscriptions on titles which name subject of a particular decree or ordinance. Lacking endleaves. Good. Item #3470
FASCINATING SPANISH SAMMELBAND, compiled no later than 1792, perhaps by "Jose Fuentes" who has inscribed the front cover. The 22 texts herein document an unusually broad array of topics, mainly of a governmental (or legal) nature; most were printed in Valencia (two are in contemporary manuscript). That a Charter for the University of Valencia is included in our Sammelband strongly suggests that the compiler was a resident of Valencia, and probably attended University there.
Contents of the collection:
1. COUNCIL OF WAR: "Decreto expedido al Consejo de Guerra en veinte y cinco de Marzo de mil setecientos cincuenta y dos"; originally published in 1752 by Ferdinand VI and reprinted here on 12 March 1766 in the reign of Carlos III. The decree outlines the legal disposal of goods, whether monetary or other, for military personel who have died. The decree cites many previous laws and decrees on the same issue. 4 ff.
2. DIVISION OF ASSETS: A legal document attesting to the division of the assets of Don Juan Bober, father of Christoval Bober and his sister, Mariana Bober. The scribe of the original document from which this was printed, Ignacio de Higareda, is of particular note as one of four identified scribes and notaries of the Royal Council. 2 ff.
3. MILITARY DESERTERS: "Ordenanza para la apprehension de desertores," dated 1765 and printed by Thomas Copado in Jaen, Spain. The decree includes a fold-out chart of the Captain Generals and their respective jurisdictional territories. 8 pp. + folding table.
4. FUNERARY EXPENSES: "Pragmatica sancion...para que en todos sus Dominios se observe la nueva Declaracion, y Ley inferta..."; dated 1766 and printed in the Office of Nicolas Moreno, printer and bookseller, in Granada. This document is a pragmatic sanction outlining the use of the goods of those who die intestate, 20% of which should be used to cover funerary and other corresponding costs. 4 ff.
5. MORTGAGE OFFICES: "Pragmatica sancion...en la qual se prescribe el establicimiento del Oficio de Hypotecas..."; published in Madrid on 5 February 1768 by Don Francisco Lopez Navamuel, certified by Don Ignacio de Higareda. The decree establishes an Office of Mortgages in Town Halls throughout the Spanish Empire. 6 ff.
6. CENSORSHIP: "Real provision de su Magestad...por la que se prohibe el Despacho, lectura, retencion, y qualquiera nueva impresion..."; printed in 1770 in the Office of the Doors. The provision bans the posession, reading, trading, writing by hand, etc. of "Points of Ecclesiastical Discipline" by Don Francisco Alba. Alba's works were considered heretical by the Spanish Empire following the expulsion of the Jesuits from the kingdom in 1767. 4 ff.
7. LUMBER FOR THE ROYAL NAVY: "Real cedula...por la qual se manda, que a ningun assentista de maderas para la Real Armada se conceda preferencia..."; printed in 1770 by Nicolas Moreno. The decree orders that no orders of wood for the Royal Armada be given preference to the detriment of others, including the Commons. 4 ff.
8. BANNING TEXTILE IMPORTS: "Don Carlos, por la gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla..."; printed and sold by Joseph Prosper y Ruiz in Valencia in 1770. The decree bans Muslin and other cotton textile imports. 3 ff. NB: fol. 1 torn in half, mended with tape.
9. INQUISITOR GENERAL: "Carta pastoral, que el ilustrimo Senor Don Felipe Bertran Obispo de Salamanca Inquisidor General..."; printed in Valencia in 1776 in the printshop of Benito Monfort. The letter, written to the faithful of his Bishopric, contains an inscription on the front which reads "Vida la republica." 14ff.
10. DEATH OF MARQUES DE VANMARCH: "Historia de la enfermedad que quito la vida al Exc.mo Senor Marques de Vanmarch..."; printed in Valencia in 1777 by Benito Monfort. 4 ff.
11. GAZETA DE MADRID 1784: Various issues of the "Gazeta de Madrid," including: No. 73, dated 10 September 1784; No. 75, dated 17 September 1784; No. 76, dated 21 September 1784; No. 78, dated 28 September 1784; No. 80, dated 5 October 1784; and No. 79, dated 1 October 1784. These are essentially global news sources for the years mentioned; No. 73 includes a reproduction of a letter from "Doctor [Benjamin] Franklin" to the President of the nascent United States discussing current relations between the country and England. Additionally, the same issue mentions the recent death of Diderot and the subsequent inheritance of his daughter of 40 volumes of MSS comprising his oeuvre. 30ff.
12. MANUSCRIPT. Copy of an ordinance detailing the prohibition of the importing of certain packaging containers. Originally printed in 1782 in Madrid. 1 ff. + 1 blank leaf.
13. DEFENDING THE HONOR OF TRADESMEN: "Real cedula...por la qual se declara, que no solo el Oficio de Curtidor, sino tambien los demas Artes y Oficios de Herrero, Sastre, Zapatero, Carpintero y otros a este modo..."; printed in Valencia in 1783 by Benito Monfort. This decree declares that blacksmiths, shoemakers, carpenters, and other similar trades are honest and honorable; that their practice does not vilify the family nor the person who undertakes such work, nor does it prevent them from being employed by the Republic. 5 ff.
14. BUTCHERS: "Determinacion...que los individuos maestros del Gremio de Cortantes de la Ciudad de Valencia estan comprehendidos en la Real Cedula..."; printed in Valencia in 1787 by Benito Monfort. This decree declares that the Masters of the Guild of Cutters, or Slicers (butchers), in Valencia are included in the Royal Cedula dated 18 March 1783 and should be treated appropriately. 8 ff.
15. REVENUE FROM LAND LEASES: "Real Cedula...por la qual se manda que entretanto que se pone en perfecta execucion el Decreto de 29 de Junio..."; printed in Valencia in 1785 by Benitor Monfort. This document discusses two recent decrees, one dated 28 June and the other 21 September, which provides for the arrangement of provincial revenue pertaining to new land leases and changes made to existing land leases. 4 ff.
16. AMERICANA -- IDENTIFYING "REAL" SPANISH EXPORTS TO AMERICA: "Real Cedula de Su Magestad, de 11. de Julio de 1786. Mandando que las manufacturas Espanolas, que se hayan embarcar para America..."; printed in Valencia in 1786 by Benito Monfort. This decree commands Spanish manufacturers leaving for the New World to take a new stamp to distinguish themselves from others, as having been given special privileges granted by the throne, in order to advance a national industry. The decree especially notes French and Italian counterfeits, which "rob" the Royal Treasury 6 ff.
17. PROHIBITING LOTTERIES: "Real provision...por la qual se recuerda a las Chancillerias, Audiencias, y Justicias del Reyno la Real Pragmatica..."; printed in Valencia in 1786 by Benito Monfort. This provision reminds the people of prohibitions against lottery for judges and other similar positions, and sets forth rules for the better execution of judgments. 4 ff.
18. SPANISH PROTECTIONISM: Communication from a meeting of the General Board of Commercy and Currency, dated 6 February 1779, to the king stating that the biggest problem in Spanish industry is the replacement of national industry by foreign industry. 6 ff.
19. EXCISE TAXES: "Real Cedula...por la qual se manda observar y cumplir la Instruccion inserta adicional..."; printed in Valencia in 1786 by Benitor Monfort. This decree commands the people to observe an additional piece of legislation recently added to that dated 30 July, 1760, in which is outlined the better arrangement and administration of the excise taxes of the Spanish Empire. 10 ff.
20. UNIVERSITY OF VALENCIA: "Plan de estudios...en la Universidad de Valencia." Printed in Valencia in 1787 by Benito Monfort. This plan of studies, approved by Carlos III, appears to be a complex charter for the University of Valencia and includes: various areas of studies; texts to be used for each proposed program; information on exams, faculty members, honors and privileges, the university library, and administrators; and information on finances, student room and board, and the university press and distribution of university imprints. The table of contents for the plan of study is at the end of the document. 27 ff.
21. MANUSCRIPT. "Jayme Miguel de Guzman, Davalos, Sipinola Palavecino, Ramirez de Haro, Santillan Ponce de Leon, y Mesia Marques de la Mina..."; originally issued in 1751. 4 ff.
22. UNRECORDED: "Alegacion juridica por Francisco Palau Labrador, y vezino antes del Lugar de Alfara del Senor Patriarca, y aora de Moncada..."; printed in Valencia in 1773 by Salvador Fauli, together with the Real Colegio de Corpus Christi. A juridical allegation by Francisco Palau Labrador in a case concerning the entail made by Francisco Palau and notarized, and the nullity of the will authorized by Thomas Palau Labrador against Theresa Fuertes, widow of Thomas Palau, Andrea Palau, Manuel Palau, Matheo Palau, others of the Labrador family, and heirs of Lugar de Alfara. The third part of the allegation is incomplete. 25 ff. (only; however, we have been unable to locate another copy of this legal document).