[Guadalajara]: En la oficina del ciudadano Mariano Rodríguez, impresor del Superior Gobierno, 1823. First Edition. Folio (297 x 220 mm). , 45,  p. (the last page blank). Stitched (modern threads, loose, gatherings partially separated). Above title in MS: "Num[er]o 21." Stain on upper right corner of title-page and first 4 pp. Preserved in a mylar sleeve. Very good. Item #3442
THE CREATION OF JALISCO, MEXICO, AS A SOVEREIGN STATE.
Shortly before achieving the autonomy of the statehood, and in order to take advantage of the political attention it had, Luis Quintanar, together with the support of the members of the Provincial Council, began preparing legal grounds for jurisdiction for the federalist system of government to be implemented. On May 13, 1823, they issued a circular tending to express the opinion of all the peoples belonging to the province, on the federated form of government, opinions that were reflected in two documents (Cuadernos). Loosely translated, the title is: "General Vote of the Towns of the Free Province of Xalisco, called until now Guadalajara, on establishing their form of government in the Federated Republic.” These two documents, of which ours is the first and rarest, was intended to ciculated throughout the country. The purpose of our document is to proclaim to bordering states, "as well as to posterity," that the legal procedures have been guided by the will of the people.
Our document is dated 10 June 1823 and is signed in letterpress by the Secretary of the Provincial Council Miguel Radillo. June 16, 1823 is considered the creation of Jalisco as a Free and Sovereign State. Once Jalisco achieved its autonomy, and was recognized by the National Congress, the members of the Provincial Council promoted federalism through their representatives in Mexico City (notably Prisciliano Sánchez Padilla, who would become the first constitutional Governor of Jalisco). NB: Jalisco was the second free state in Mexico, preceded only by the state of Oaxaca which became autonomous on June 1, 1823.
The importance of our document is attested by the fact that it was reprinted in facsimile by the Instituto de Estudios del Federalismo “Prisciliano Sánchez”, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, 2004.
Scarce: Only two copies of this first Cuaderno are located in OCLC: Berkeley and American Philosophical Society. UT Austin has only the second one (14 pages). Neither is listed in Rare Book Hub, which currently holds more than 10 million records in the rare book transactions database.
Cuevas Contreras, Marco Antonio. Reivindicación de don Prisciliano Sánchez. Precursor del Federalismo Mexicano y Fundador del Estado de Jalisco. H Ayuntamiento Constitucional de Guadalajara, Gobierno de Jalisco 2001-2007. Guadalajara, México 2003.
Muriá, José Ma. Historia de Jalisco, De fines del siglo XVII a la caída del federalismo, tomo II, UNED, Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México, 1981.
Pérez Verdía, Luis. Historia particular del estado de Jalisco, desde los primeros tiempos de que hay noticia, hasta nuestros días, tipografía de la Escuela de Artes y Oficios del Estado (Jalisco), Guadalajara 1910.
Vázquez, Josefina Zoraida. Coordinadora, El establecimiento del federalismo en México (1821-1827), El Colegio de México, México, 2003.