Mexico City: 1837. Elephant folio (102.5 x 57.4 cm) composed of 6 conjoined sheets on laid paper (watermark: scales of justice). Creased where formerly folded with a few minor losses at folds, a few minor wormholes, a few ink splotches on verso. Overall very good, with contemporary ink note on verso. Item #3391
Hardship Pay for Mexican Judges in the Borderlands of Texas, New Mexico & California in 1837 -- a massive broadside of inexplicable proportions, the likes of which we have not seen hitherto, and a tour-de-force of Mexican printing.
This Decree in 147 articles represents another attempt by the Mexican government to reorganize state functions such as finances, taxes, administration, the military, and the judiciary. The present document puts into effect an extremely detailed and comprehensive overhaul of the justice system, particularly the functions of judges. The decree affected all of Mexico’s Borderland areas, including California, New Mexico, and Texas, although the latter had been effectively independent for about a year. According to Article 50, magistrates serving in the Borderlands, including Texas, will be paid 4,000 pesos a year, but in other juristictions the pay was only 3,000. Evidently the difference was a form of hardship pay. Obviously, no Mexican judges went to Texas at this point -- this would have been perilous, to say the least, given the rancor of the newly independent Republic of Texas.
Publications in broadside form of this size are rare in Mexico, although other, even larger examples are known. This is an unusual example, displaying an utter determination to produce something magisterial that could be publicly displayed, rather than disseminated as flimsy pamphlets.