Basileae (Basel): Thomas Guarinus, 1575. First Edition. Small 4to. , 185,  pp. Modern vellum, red and white mottled edges. Old shelf-mark (?) "4069" in ink on title. Light foxing throughout. Overall very good. Item #2534
"All Things Burgundian." This early and impressive Renaissance chronicle of Burgundy covers the years 408 to 1482 and presents key events in tabular form. That copies of this work were in the libraries of Isaac Newton (cf. John Harrison, No. H1687) and Horace Walpole (Strawberry Hill sale, 26 April 1842, Case E, group lot 8) attests to its significance. According to the author, the present work was composed with the aid of hitherto unpublished manuscripts; among these must have been the Chronica Regum Visigothorum or Leges Visigothorum: in the list of authors and "monumental works" consulted is the reference to the "Vuisigothorii (sic) Chronicon manuscriptum." ¶ "The only writer who dealt with the later history in a really critical spirit was Nicolas Vignier (1530-96), whose critical sense had been stimulated by the study and practice of medicine" (A.A. Tilley, French Humanism and Montaigne, in: The Cambridge Modern History, 1905, vol. III, pp. 63-64). A Calvanist by birth, Vignier first trained as a lawyer; fleeing persecutions he was exiled to Germany where he was retained as the personal physician to several German princes. After converting to Catholicism he returned to Paris where he served as a physician and court historian to Henry III of France. This is his first book, complete in itself, which later formed part of his monumental "Bibliotheque Historiale" (1588-1601) which also included chronicles of Luxembourg and France. We recall with interest that the duchy of Burgundy was not part of France until 1477: at the battle of Nancy during the Burgundian Wars, Charles the Bold, the last duke of Burgundy, was killed, and the duchy was annexed by France. ¶ VD16 ZV 15217. Adams V, 758.